Once set, gods and men abide it, neither truly able nor willing to contest it. How fate is set is unknown, but it is told by the Fates and by Zeus through sending omens to seers such as Calchas. Men and their gods continually speak of heroic acceptance and cowardly avoidance of one's slated fate. And put away in your heart this other thing that I tell you.
Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. Characters emerge as worthy or despicable based on their degree of competence and bravery in battle. Achilles, on the other hand, wins eternal glory by explicitly rejecting the option of a long, comfortable, uneventful life at home.
The text itself seems to support this means of judging character and extends it even to the gods. Men die gruesome deaths; women become slaves and concubines, estranged from their tearful fathers and mothers; a plague breaks out in the Achaean camp and decimates the army.
In the face of these horrors, even the mightiest warriors occasionally experience fear, and the poet tells us that both armies regret that the war ever began. Though Achilles points out that all men, whether brave or cowardly, meet the same death in the end, the poem never asks the reader to question the legitimacy of the ongoing struggle.
Homer never implies that the fight constitutes a waste of time or human life. Rather, he portrays each side as having a justifiable reason to fight and depicts warfare as a respectable and even glorious manner of settling the dispute.
Military Glory over Family Life A theme in The Iliad closely related to the glory of war is the predominance of military glory over family. Homer constantly forces his characters to choose between their loved ones and the quest for kleos, and the most heroic characters invariably choose the latter.
The Iliad (/ ˈ ɪ l i ə d /; Ancient with "careful analysis of the repetition of thematic patterns", that the Patroclus storyline upsets Homer's established compositional formulae of "wrath, bride-stealing, and rescue"; The essay describes how the Iliad demonstrates the way force. Thematic Analysis Essay: The Iliad As quoted in ph-vs.com, “In Homer's The Iliad, war is depicted as horrible, bloody, and fruitless. There are no clear winners. Many mortal people die in vain because of arrogant and emotional decisions made by men.” The violence of war is a major theme. Achilles is a classic character in world literature, but it is not at all simple to try to understand him. This lesson offers essay topics that will help your students think closely about Achilles.
Achilles debates returning home to live in ease with his aging father, but he remains at Troy to win glory by killing Hector and avenging Patroclus. The gravity of the decisions that Hector and Achilles make is emphasized by the fact that each knows his fate ahead of time.
The characters prize so highly the martial values of honor, noble bravery, and glory that they willingly sacrifice the chance to live a long life with those they love. The Impermanence of Human Life and Its Creations Although The Iliad chronicles a very brief period in a very long war, it remains acutely conscious of the specific ends awaiting each of the people involved.
Troy is destined to fall, as Hector explains to his wife in Book 6. The text announces that Priam and all of his children will die—Hector dies even before the close of the poem.
Achilles will meet an early end as well, although not within the pages of The Iliad. Homer constantly alludes to this event, especially toward the end of the epic, making clear that even the greatest of men cannot escape death. Indeed, he suggests that the very greatest—the noblest and bravest—may yield to death sooner than others.
Similarly, The Iliad recognizes, and repeatedly reminds its readers, that the creations of mortals have a mortality of their own.
The glory of men does not live on in their constructions, institutions, or cities. But the Greek fortifications will not last much longer. Though the Greeks erect their bulwarks only partway into the epic, Apollo and Poseidon plan their destruction as early as Book The poem thus emphasizes the ephemeral nature of human beings and their world, suggesting that mortals should try to live their lives as honorably as possible, so that they will be remembered well.These thesis statements offer a short summary of The Iliad by Homer in terms of different elements that could be important in an essay.
You are, of course, free to add your own analysis and understanding of the plot or themes to them for your essay. ILIAD ESSAY OUTLINE AND SAMPLES. I. Writing the Introduction: Address the prompt by giving a brief background for the rage of Achilles or Agamemnon and an overview of how it affects himself/others.
Read more: How to write thematic essay regents. Achilles further disrespects Hector’s demise by dragging Hector’s body around the city three times, mortifying the people.
This show how violent the Greek warriors are and how they have no respect for the Trojans. (Click the themes infographic to download.) From the very beginning of the Iliad, when the poet asks the Muse to reveal how "the will of Zeus was accomplished," we know that the events we are wit.
For your first essay--a CLOSE READING CRITIQUE exercise--develop a narrowly-defined argumentative thesis about what you see as an important aspect of the Iliad (Books 1, 9, 16, 18, 22, & 24) in relation to one of the topics listed below.
The Illiad: Thematic Essay.
Thematic Analysis Essay: The Iliad As quoted in ph-vs.com, “In Homer's The Iliad, war is depicted as horrible, bloody, and fruitless. There are no clear winners.
Many mortal people die in vain because of arrogant and emotional decisions made by men.” The violence of war is a major theme.