In such a system, each rule is chosen so that the left side is equivalent to the right side, and consequently when the left side matches a subexpression, performing a rewrite of that subexpression from left to right maintains logical consistency and value of the entire expression. Linguistics[ edit ] In linguisticsrewrite rules, also called phrase structure rulesare used in some systems of generative grammaras a means of generating the grammatically correct sentences of a language.
Hatch-Bob Goodlatte Music Modernization Act MMA " makes important revisions to copyright law to accommodate the changes in music licensing practices that resulted from the rise of digital music streaming services.
The law provides for a new collective licensing scheme that ensures that licensing income will be paid to songwriters, recording artists, and for the first time, sound producers and engineers for streaming and downloads of their work. It also creates a federal right to pre sound recordings for the first time and makes them subject to the same statutory licenses as post sound recordings.
The legislation also would make key changes to rate-setting proceedings for ASCAP and BMI songwriters by allowing for consideration of royalty rates for digital audio transmissions of sound recordings and randomly assigning a district court judge to hear rate-setting disputes The bill includes another important step toward realizing that principle.
Under current law, digital streaming platforms are able to profit from certain pre sound recordings without compensating the artists and copyright owners of these recordings. Extending the digital performance right to include all pre sound recordings helps ensure that the law recognizes and protects the contributions of all creators, and that legacy artists in particular are appropriately compensated for their work.
The United States is the only developed country where this is the case. This act would require stations to pay artists and record companies a royalty. It also includes the Allocation for Music Producers Act, which would enshrine in law the right for producers to receive royalties due them.
But the legacy radio broadcasters oppose this measure. Infringer pays for all attorneys fees and court costs. Defamation in particular libel and slanderthe right of privacy the right to be left aloneand the right of publicity. While the truth can deflect a defamation claim, often the truth when disclosed can be the basis for an invasion of privacy claim.
Pay up or retract?
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, apparently over permission to use an evaluation scale designed to test whether patients take their medications as prescribed Or, in the case of the retraction we saw and at least one other inpull the paper. This is UK-oriented, but very good at explaining the principles of copyright, fair use, etc.
Hollywood fears pirates; Silicon Valley fears paywalls. Silicon Valley accuses Hollywood of 'monopoly' and 'artificial scarcity,' and talks about the democracy of the Internet. Hollywood accuses Silicon Valley of 'free riding' and 'contributory infringement,' and talks about protecting the dignity of the artist.
But each side is only trying to defend its business model. And so on, with a clear-eyed overview of issues. The crooner example is just that: Leave them to each nation. Drafted in recognition that copyright laws were out of kilter with the digital age.
Of possible interest re U. A turning point in the copyright debate June "Today the Legal Affairs Committee of the European Parliament passed an amended version of my copyright evaluation report.
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The Committee could only bring itself to reject any further extensions in copyright terms, and to eliminate national additions to the copyright term, such as the 30 extra years that France awards to the works of war heroes.
This is only a partial summary. This site is UK-made and oriented, geared to librarians and universities, but its clear organization and explanations may come in handy in U.
A fact sheet on contracts and copyright, for example, explains that although "copyright forms the bedrock of the legal basis" for using text, images, sound, etc. And contracts are governed by a different branch of law than copyright--"much of contract law is based on common law, i.
Excellent reference tool, more so in UK than US, but well done.
Manges lecture, by Maria A. Pallante, Register of the U. Notes on, and reactions to, the lecture: But as technology continues to evolve, Pallante said it is time to revisit those laws and analyze their effects.Secondary references will be hidden on the site but will show up at the end of the chapter in the ebook.
The best opinions, comments and analysis from The Telegraph. Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin Term Rewriting and All That [Franz Baader, Tobias Nipkow] on ph-vs.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
This textbook offers a unified, self-contained introduction to the field of term rewriting. Baader and Nipkow cover all the basic material--abstract reduction systemsReviews: 5. Ulysses has 95, ratings and 5, reviews. Petra X said: 5 stars because it's a work of genius, so everyone says.4 stars because it has so many deep.
Anyone who starts looking into the Protocols of the Meetings of the Learned Elders of Zion will frequently encounter the old chestnut about a "hoax" or a "forgery". When Philip Graves made the allegation in , long before the days of the internet and all the pages detailing the various logical fallacies, his target audience had never heard of a circular argument or a non sequitur.