Cognates for the term in other Romance languages include: The singing is harsh and unnatural, the intonation difficult, and the movement limited. He used the term to attack the movement for subverting the values of the Renaissance. The first phase of the Counter-Reformation had imposed a severe, academic style on religious architecture, which had appealed to intellectuals but not the mass of churchgoers.
An integral element of the Counter-Reformation in Europe, the Baroque traveled to the Americas to become one of the central literary and artistic expressions of the new identities being forged in the viceregal capital cities and as well as on the more remote frontiers of the Spanish and Portuguese empires.
The exuberance of these aesthetic traditions is mirrored in the equally dynamic theoretical and critical paradigms inspired by the cultural production and the debates on the sociopolitical as well as cultural uses and consequences of the Baroque and Neobaroque representational styles.
Critics have recognized the historical Baroque as both an imperial imposition on the subjugated Spanish colonies and as a more localized expression of resistance and creole consciousness, leading most scholars to understand that there are multiple Baroques in the Americas: The New World Baroque, then, is understood as the result of transatlantic colonization, slavery, and transculturation, and is often posited as the foundational literary movement of Latin America.
If in Europe the historical Baroque was the aesthetic response to imperial crisis and religious schisms, in Latin America it became the mode by which colonial subjects began complex processes of identification, performative practices initiated in the 16th and 17th centuries and that continue to this day.
This approach emerges from Maravalla characterization of the peninsular Baroque culture as urban, appealing to the masses, and directed by elites, an understanding of Baroque aesthetics as the will to form an early modern hegemony in the context of the Counter-Reformation.
Estudios sobre el barroco. La modernidad de lo barroco. Duke University Press, Culture of the Baroque: Analysis of a Historical Structure. Translated by Terry Cochran. University of Minnesota Press, Exploraciones del discurso barroco. De la conquista a la independencia: Tres siglos de historia cultural hispanoamericana.
Originally published in Translated by John Charles Chasteen. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. Please subscribe or login. How to Subscribe Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions.
For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.The word baroque was first used in the s to describe the style that emerged toward the end of the Renaissance.
A negative term—possibly derived from the Spanish barrueco (a misshapen pearl), it was applied to works considered distorted or excessive.
Religion and spirituality in the market place Epoques.
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Wherever it showed itself, the Baroque approach was likely to exhibit some combination of power, massiveness, or dramatic intensity, embellished with pageantry, color, and theatrical adventure.
Without the restraints of the High Renaissance or the subjectiveness of Manneristic painting, the Baroque sought to overawe by its grandeur. Baroque Art vs Renaissance. Art is one of the most interesting subjects to discuss during history lessons.
Aside from showcasing artistic talent and creativity, it also gives students and enthusiasts a chance to get a glimpse of how great artists in the past managed to come up with masterpieces that remain unchallenged to this day. The Baroque (US: / b ə ˈ r oʊ k / or UK: / b ə ˈ r ɒ k /) is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the midth century.
The Baroque period was a golden age for theater in France and Spain; playwrights included Corneille, Racine and Moliere in France; and Lope de Vega and Pedro Calderón de la Barca Spain.
During the Baroque period, the art and style of the theater evolved rapidly, alongside the development of .
Baroque painting is the painting associated with the Baroque cultural movement. The movement is often identified with Absolutism, the Counter Reformation and Catholic Revival,   but the existence of important Baroque art and architecture in non-absolutist and Protestant states throughout Western Europe underscores its widespread popularity. Baroque art and architecture, the visual arts and building design and construction produced during the era in the history of Western art that roughly coincides with the 17th century. The Baroque period was a golden age for theater in France and Spain; playwrights included Corneille, Racine and Moliere in France; and Lope de Vega and Pedro Calderón de la Barca Spain. During the Baroque period, the art and style of the theater evolved rapidly, alongside the development of .