Lincoln was looking for Southern support. He hoped that by selecting Johnson he would appeal to Southerners who never wanted to leave the Union. Johnson, like Lincoln, had grown up in poverty.
As early asPres. Abraham Lincoln had appointed provisional military governors for Louisiana, Tennessee, and North Carolina. The following year, initial steps were taken to reestablish governments in newly occupied states in which at least 10 percent of the voting population had taken the prescribed oath of allegiance.
Aware that the presidential plan omitted any provision for social or economic reconstruction, the Radical Republicans in Congress resented such a lenient political arrangement under solely executive jurisdiction.
As a result, the stricter Wade-Davis Bill was passed in but pocket vetoed by the President. After Lincoln's assassination AprilPres. Andrew Johnson further alienated Congress by continuing Lincoln's moderate policies.
The Fourteenth Amendment, defining national citizenship so as to include blacks, passed Congress in June and was ratified, despite rejection by most Southern states July 28, In response to Johnson's intemperate outbursts against the opposition as well as to several reactionary developments in the South e.
That victory launched the era of congressional Reconstruction usually called Radical Reconstructionwhich lasted 10 years starting with the Reconstruction Acts of Under that legislation, the 10 remaining Southern states Tennessee had been readmitted to the Union in were divided into five military districts; and, under supervision of the U.
Army, all were readmitted between and Each state had to accept the Fourteenth or, if readmitted after its passage, the Fifteenth Constitutional Amendment, intended to ensure civil rights of the freedmen.
The newly created state governments were generally Republican in character and were governed by political coalitions of blacks, carpetbaggers Northerners who had gone into the Southand scalawags Southerners who collaborated with the blacks and carpetbaggers.
The Republican governments of the former Confederate states were seen by most Southern whites as artificial creations imposed from without, and the conservative element in the region remained hostile to them.
Southerners particularly resented the activities.Presidential and Radical Reconstruction. U.S. History. STUDY. PLAY. President Johnson's plan for Reconstruction frustrated many members of Congress because it supported all of Johnson's Reconstruction policies.
overturned several of President Johnson's vetoes. Start your health career journey at Johnson County Community College. Programs include nursing, dental hygiene, emergency medical science, neurodiagnostic technology and respiratory care. Andrew Johnson succeeded Abraham Lincoln as president, and was the first president of the United States to be impeached.
The Black Codes. Forum Weekly Poll. Please Help Click Here: RECONSTRUCTION PERIOD. Various Authors. Edited By: R. A. Guisepi. The International History Project. In Reconstruction: Radical Reconstruction. In the fall congressional elections, Northern voters overwhelmingly repudiated Johnson’s policies.
Congress decided to begin Reconstruction anew. Reconstruction, Reconstruction era of the United States, Reconstruction of the Rebel States, Reconstruction of the South, Reconstruction of the Southern States Northern anger over the assassination of Lincoln and the immense human cost of the war led to demands for punitive policies.
Vice President Andrew Johnson had taken a hard line and.