How did the Greek-Persian wars affect Greece? The Greek city-states had a diversion from their usual wars between themselves.
Visit Website Abandoning its countryside to Spartan invaders B. Sparta found its old strategy of ravaging cropland discomfortingly ineffective: With stalemate in Attica, both belligerents turned to a variety of secondary theaters throughout the Aegean world and Asia Minor, as Sparta tried to turn Athenian subjects, and Athens in turn sowed insurrection among the Helots.
In these latter proxy wars, Athens used hoplites in combined maritime operations, whereas Sparta and its allies in time developed a competent fleet: Instead, mercenaries, lightly armed skirmishers, sailors, and siege engineers filled that void.
Strategy became prominent for the first time in Greek warfare, as the Athenians made mostly inconsequential probes in and around the Peloponnesus.
Their greatest success was the occupation of Pylos off the coast of the Peloponnesus B. The subsequent failure of Sparta to reduce Athens in the first decade of the war led to a brief peace B. But soon the Athenians intervened in the Peloponnesus B.
The folly of that aggressive policy culminated in the disastrous expedition to Sicily B. Sparta now systematically garrisoned Attica with a permanent fort at Decelea B.
Unable to replace the manpower losses from the plague and the disaster at Sicily, the Athenian army and navy were routinely now outnumbered by the combined alliance of Sparta, Thebes, and Syracuse. Persian subsidies to this Peloponnesus-led coalition for the first time surpassed the financial reserves of Athens.
After the final Athenian sea defeat off Aegospotami, the Long Walls down to the Piraeus were razed, and a Spartan garrison occupied the city. Nearly three decades of constant fighting left Athens bankrupt, exhausted, and demoralized.
There was little Greek unity. The Greek world comprised several hundred independent city-states some of which from time to time joined several leagues, and even changed leagues as it suited them. The paper on "Greek Unity enough for Persian invasion" is an important topic that has been discussed in the historical literature thoroughly. The unity and disciplines are the important concepts in the current world that changes the world order and affect the nation's motivation level for fighting back with their enemies. The first battle of the Persian War, the Battle of Marathon, took place in BC. King Darius sent troops to Greece which stopped at each Greek island along the way demanding "earth and water," which both literally and symbolically represented submission to the Persian empire.
But Sparta and its allies were in no position to maintain an even harsher military hegemony over Greece. In the detritus of the Peloponnesian War, the agrarian fighting of the old polis was ended.
Warfare now meant expansion of conflict onto a variety of costly and deadly new horizons, where past protocol meant little. The Greek genius was freed to apply capital, technology, and manpower to war without ethical restraint, but in the process the old idea of a city-state was lost.
Edited by Robert Cowley and Geoffrey Parker.Greco-Persian Wars, also called Persian Wars, (– bce), a series of wars fought by Greek states and Persia over a period of almost half a century.
The fighting was most intense during two invasions that Persia launched against mainland Greece between and After the Persian Wars, there grew an alliance of Greek states that was meant to maintain security.
The allies asked the Athenians to lead the confederation, called the Delian League. We will examine how the league was gradually transformed into an empire dominated by Athens.
Module 5 surveys the period between the end of the Persian Wars and the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War, which came to be known as Athens’ “Golden Age.” After the Persian Wars, there grew an alliance of Greek states that was meant to maintain security. So, end to . Greek success in the Persian War freed the Greek city-states generally, and the ones in Asia Minor specifically, from Persian rule.
Athens however continued to control and pro fit from the anti-Persian alliance it headed in the latter stages of the Persian War. By some distance, the main source for the Greco-Persian Wars is the Greek historian Herodotus. Herodotus, who has been called the "Father of History",  was born in BC in Halicarnassus, Asia Minor (then part of the Persian empire).Location: Mainland Greece, Thrace, Aegean Islands, Asia Minor, Cyprus and Egypt.
Aug 21, · Watch video · Athens and Sparta, both powerful Greek city-states, had fought as allies in the Greco-Persian Wars between and B.C. In the wake of the Persian retreat, however, Athens grew more powerful.