Relational Personal Objects When visitors see an object in a case that they have a personal connection to, they have an immediate story to tell. The same is true for objects that people own, produce, or contribute themselves. Staff and volunteers who care for, study, or maintain objects often have very personal connections with them. Active Objects Objects that directly and physically insert themselves into the spaces between strangers can serve as shared reference points for discussion.
Clean-up and environmental impact[ edit ] Workers using high-pressure, hot-water washing to clean an oiled shoreline Chemical dispersant, a surfactant and solvent mixture, was applied to the slick by a private company on March 24 with a helicopter.
But the helicopter missed the target area. Scientific data on its toxicity were either thin or incomplete. In addition, public acceptance of a new, widespread chemical treatment was lacking.
Landowners, fishing groups, and conservation organizations questioned the use of chemicals on hundreds of miles of shoreline when other alternatives may have been available.
Clean-up efforts after the Exxon Valdez oil spill Because Prince William Sound contained many rocky coves where the oil collected, the decision was made to displace it with high-pressure hot water.
However, this also displaced and destroyed the microbial populations on the shoreline; many of these organisms e. At the time, both scientific advice and public pressure was to clean everything, but since then, a much greater understanding of natural and facilitated remediation processes has developed, due somewhat in part to the opportunity presented for study by the Exxon Valdez spill.
Both the long-term and short-term effects of the oil spill have been studied. The researchers found that at only a few parts per billion, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons caused a long-term increase in mortality rates.
They reported that "species as diverse as sea otters, harlequin ducks and killer whales suffered large, long-term losses and that oiled mussel beds and other tidal shoreline habitats will take an estimated 30 years to recover.
Exxon Mobil denied any concerns over any remaining oil, stating that they anticipated a remaining fraction that they assert will not cause any long-term ecological impacts, according to the conclusions of the studies they had done: Scientists who have monitored the spill area for the last 25 years report that concern remains for one of two pods of local orca whales, with fears that one pod may eventually die out.
Some of the oil does not appear to have biodegraded at all. A USGS scientist who analyses the remaining oil along the coastline states that it remains among rocks and between tide marks.
Left out, the surface crusts over but the inside still has the consistency of mayonnaise — or mousse. The major part of the money would be spent to finish cleaning up oiled beaches and attempting to restore the crippled herring population.
Circuit Court of Appeals ordered the trial judge, Russel Holland, to reduce the punitive damages. Exxon appealed again and the case returned to Holland to be reconsidered in light of a recent Supreme Court ruling in a similar case.
The court of appeals cited recent Supreme Court rulings relative to limits on punitive damages. Exxon then appealed to the Supreme Court, which agreed to hear the case. Exxon's actions were deemed "worse than negligent but less than malicious.
Leahy has decried the ruling as "another in a line of cases where this Supreme Court has misconstrued congressional intent to benefit large corporations. Attorneys for the plaintiffs contended that Exxon bore responsibility for the accident because the company "put a drunk in charge of a tanker in Prince William Sound.
Other plaintiffs have objected to this secret arrangement,  and when it came to light, Judge Holland ruled that Exxon should have told the jury at the start that an agreement had already been made, so the jury would know exactly how much Exxon would have to pay.
The state disputed the claim, stating that there was a long-standing agreement to allow the use of dispersants to clean up spills, thus Exxon did not require permission to use them, and that in fact Exxon had not had enough dispersant on hand to effectively handle a spill of the size created by the Valdez.
The company claimed that the Coast Guard was "wholly or partially responsible" for the spill, because they had granted mariners' licenses to the crew of the Valdez, and because they had given the Valdez permission to leave regular shipping lanes to avoid ice.
They also reiterated the claim that the Coast Guard had delayed cleanup by refusing to give permission to immediately use chemical dispersants on the spill.
Collaborating with InnoCentive they found a partial solution for the flow of oil. Exxon claimed OPA was effectively a bill of attaindera regulation that was unfairly directed at Exxon alone.
While a double hull would likely not have prevented the Valdez disaster, a Coast Guard study estimated that it would have cut the amount of oil spilled by 60 percent. Repairs began on July The vessel was then owned by a Hong Kong company, who operated it under the name Oriental Nicety.
In Augustit was beached at Alang, India and dismantled. Alaska regulations[ edit ] In the aftermath of the spill, Alaska governor Steve Cowper issued an executive order requiring two tugboats to escort every loaded tanker from Valdez out through Prince William Sound to Hinchinbrook Entrance.
Tankers at Valdez are no longer single-hulled. Congress enacted legislation requiring all tankers to be double-hulled as of Case Incident 2 – „Leadership from an Introvert’s Perspective” Questions: ph-vs.comu Alexandra Mihaela Chapter 5 Case Incident 1 – „Is There a Price for Being Too Nice?” Questions: 1.
In some research we’ve conducted.3/5(2). Case study Is There a Price for Being Too Nice Q1. Do you think there is a contradiction between what employers want in employees (agreeable employees) and what employees actually do best (disagreeable employees)?
Why or why not? ANS.
Yes there is contradiction agreeable employees are more flexible. A BZ thesis needs to be added. Or use of BZ is an aspect of Thesis #1?? The Skripals are made an offer of relocation and financial security if they “play along” with a covert plan. CHAPTER 1 What Is Organizational Behaviour?
2 CHAPTER 2 Perception, Personality, and Emotions 36 CHAPTER 3 Values, Attitudes, and Diversity in the Workplace 78 On the Costs of Being Nice 74 CASE INCIDENT: Can You Read Emotions from Faces?
75 FROM CONCEPTS TO SKILLS: Reading Emotions 76 CASE INCIDENT: IBM’s . Oct 30, · The OWASP Austin Study Group is intended to provide an organized gathering of like-minded IT professionals who want to learn more about application security. This is done through mini-discussions, demos, presentations, and series of meetings to cover more involved topics (i.e.
book topics). Generally the topics will be participant-led, meaning that attendees will volunteer their time to. Mar 10, · Chapter 11 Case Incident #1 -”Using Social Media to you Advantage” Memo To: S. Alexander Fr: Jeremy Gafford Re: Chapter 11 Case Incident #1 Date: March 10, Using Social Media to your Advantage Q Do you think organizations need to have a social media presence today?
Are the drawbacks .