Hitler family Hitler's father Alois Hitler Sr.
Failing to take power by force inhe eventually won power by democratic means. Once in power, he eliminated all opposition and launched an ambitious program of world domination and elimination of the Jews, paralleling ideas he advanced in his book, Mein Kampf.
How a political leader was able to manipulate the political system in a democracy and obtain autocratic power. Two of his siblings died from diphtheria when they were children, and one died shortly after birth.
Young Adolf was showered with love and affection by his mother. When Adolf was three years old, the family moved to Passau, along the Inn River on the German side of the border. A brother, Edmond, was born two years later. The family moved once more in to the farm community of Hafeld, 30 miles southwest of Linz.
Following another family move, Adolf lived for six months across from a large Benedictine monastery. He did not do well there. Adolf himself suffered from lung infections, and he quit school at the age of 16, partially the result of ill health and partially the result of poor school work.
InAdolf was permitted to visit Vienna, but he was unable to gain admission to a prestigious art school.
His mother developed terminal breast cancer and was treated by Dr. Edward Bloch, a Jewish doctor who served the poor. After an operation and excruciatingly painful and expensive treatments with a dangerous drug, she died on December 21, Virtually penniless byhe wandered Vienna as a transient, sleeping in bars, flophouses, and shelters for the homeless, including, ironically, those financed by Jewish philanthropists.
It was during this period that he developed his prejudices about Jews, his interest in politics, and debating skills.
In MayHitler, seeking to avoid military service, left Vienna for Munich, the capital of Bavaria, following a windfall received from an aunt who was dying. In January, the police came to his door bearing a draft notice from the Austrian government.
The document threatened a year in prison and a fine if he was found guilty of leaving his native land with the intent of evading conscription. Hitler was arrested on the spot and taken to the Austrian Consulate.
He was caught up in the patriotism of the time, and submitted a petition to enlist in the Bavarian army. Hitler narrowly escaped death in battle several times, and was eventually awarded two Iron Crosses for bravery.
He rose to the rank of lance corporal but no further. In Octoberhe was wounded by an enemy shell and evacuated to a Berlin area hospital.
After recovering, and serving a total of four years in the trenches, he was temporarily blinded by a mustard gas attack in Belgium in October Communist-inspired insurrections shook Germany while Hitler was recovering from his injuries.
Some Jews were leaders of these abortive revolutions, and this inspired hatred of Jews as well as Communists. On November 9th, the Kaiser abdicated and the Socialists gained control of the government. Anarchy was more the rule in the cities.
Free Corps The Free Corps was a paramilitary organization composed of vigilante war veterans who banded together to fight the growing Communist insurgency which was taking over Germany.
The Free Corps crushed this insurgency. Weimar Republic With the loss of the war, the German monarchy came to an end and a republic was proclaimed. A constitution was written providing for a President with broad political and military power and a parliamentary democracy.
A national election was held to elect deputies to the National Assembly. The centrist parties swept to victory. The result was what is known as the Weimar Republic. On June 28,the German government ratified the Treaty of Versailles. Under the terms of the treaty which ended hostilities in the War, Germany had to pay reparations for all civilian damages caused by the war.
Germany also lost her colonies and large portions of German territory. A mile strip on the right bank of the Rhine was demilitarized. Limits were placed on German armaments and military strength. The terms of the treaty were humiliating to most Germans, and condemnation of its terms undermined the government and served as a rallying cry for those who like Hitler believed Germany was ultimately destined for greatness.
At the time, it was comprised of only a handful of members.Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, , the fourth child of Alois Schickelgruber and Klara Hitler in the Austrian town of Braunau. Two of his siblings died from diphtheria when they were children, and one died shortly after birth.
Adolf Hitler was a native of Austria and born on April 20, at Braunau-am-Inn; on the Bavarian border. His father, Alois, was illegitimate, and for a time bore his mother’s name Schicklegruber.
By he had established his claim to the surname Hitler. Nazi Germany under the leadership of Hitler soon became a dictatorship.
A dictatorship requires one person and one party to be in control of a nation and a climate of fear – this was provided by Himmler’sSS.
Personal freedom disappeared in Nazi Germany.. When Hitler was appointed chancellor on January 30th , it was at the head of a coalition government. Early Life. Adolf Hitler was born in in Austria, the son of an Austrian customs official, and spent most of his childhood in the Linz area.
Watch video · Adolf Hitler was the leader of Nazi Germany from to He initiated fascist policies that led to World War II and the deaths of at least 11 . For Adolf Hitler, the goal of a legally established dictatorship was now within reach.
On March 15, , a cabinet meeting was held during which Hitler and Göring discussed how to obstruct what was left of the democratic process to get an Enabling Act passed by the Reichstag.